Vapor-deposited alcohol glasses reveal a wide range of kinetic stability

TitleVapor-deposited alcohol glasses reveal a wide range of kinetic stability
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsTylinski, M., Y. Z. Chua, M. S. Beasley, C. Schick, and M. D. Ediger
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume145
Start Page174506
Date Published11/2016
Abstract

In situ AC nanocalorimetry was used to characterize vapor-deposited glasses of six mono- and di-alcohol molecules. Benzyl alcohol glasses with high kinetic stability and decreased heat capacity were prepared. When annealed above the glass transition temperature Tg, transformation of these glasses into the supercooled liquid took 103.4 times longer than the supercooled liquid relaxation time (τα). This kinetic stability is similar to other highly stable organic glasses prepared by vapor deposition and is the first clear demonstration of an alcohol forming a stable glass. Vapor deposited glasses of five other alcohols exhibited moderate or low kinetic stability with isothermal transformation times ranging from 100.7 to 102τα. This wide range of kinetic stabilities is useful for investigating the factors that control stable glassformation. Using our current results and literature data, we compare the kinetic stability of vapor deposited glasses prepared from 14 molecules and find a correlation with the value of τα at 1.25 Tg. We also observe that some vapor-deposited glasses exhibit decreased heat capacity without increased kinetic stability.

URLhttp://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/jcp/145/17/10.1063/1.4966582
DOI10.1063/1.4966582