Limited surface mobility inhibits stable glass formation for 2-ethyl-1-hexanol

TitleLimited surface mobility inhibits stable glass formation for 2-ethyl-1-hexanol
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsTylinski, M., M.S. Beasley, Y. Z. Chua, C. Schick, and M.D. Ediger
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Start Page203317
Date Published03/2017

Previous work has shown that vapor-deposition can prepare organic glasses with extremely high kinetic stabilities and other properties that would be expected from liquid-cooled glasses only after aging for thousands of years or more. However, recent reports have shown that some molecules form vapor-deposited glasses with only limited kinetic stability when prepared using conditions expected to yield a stable glass. In this work, we vapor deposit glasses of 2-ethyl-1-hexanol over a wide range of deposition rates and test several hypotheses for why this molecule does not form highly stable glasses under normal deposition conditions. The kinetic stability of 2-ethyl-1-hexanol glasses is found to be highly dependent on the deposition rate. For deposition at Tsubstrate = 0.90 Tg, the kinetic stability increases by 3 orders of magnitude (as measured by isothermal transformation times) when the deposition rate is decreased from 0.2 nm/s to 0.005 nm/s. We also find that, for the same preparation time, a vapor-deposited glass has much more kinetic stability than an aged liquid-cooled glass. Our results support the hypothesis that the formation of highly stable 2-ethyl-1-hexanol glasses is inhibited by limited surface mobility. We compare our deposition rate experiments to similar ones performed with ethylcyclohexane (which readily forms glasses of high kinetic stability); we estimate that the surface mobility of 2-ethyl-1-hexanol is more than 4 orders of magnitude less than that of ethylcyclohexane at 0.85 Tg.